Complete list of publications, May 2014

Publications in peer reviewed journals


Bshary R & Brown C 2014
Fish cognition.
Current Biology 24, R947-R950

Bshary R, Gingins S, Vail A 2014
Social gognition in fishes
Trends in Cognitive Sciences Volume 18, Issue 9, pp 465-471
doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2014.04.005

Cheney KL, Grutter AS & Bshary R  2014
Geographical variation in the benefits obtained by a coral reef fish mimic.
Animal Behaviour 88, 85-90.

Gingins S, Bshary R 2014
Pairs of cleaner fish prolong interaction duration with client reef fish
by increasing service quality.
Behavioural Ecology
doi: 10.1093/beheco/aru194

Ros AFH, Bruintjes R, Vallat A, Vullioud P & Bshary R 2014
Intra-and interspecific challenges modulate cortisol but not androgen
levels in a year-round territorial damselfish.
Journal of Experimental Biology 217, 1768-1774.

Ros AFH, Damjanovic K, Glauser G & Bshary R 2014
No scope for social modulation of steroid levels in a year‐round
territorial damselfish.
Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A:
Ecological Genetics and Physiology.
doi: 10.1002/jez.1900

Soares MC, Cardoso SC, Grutter AS, Oliveira RF & Bshary R 2014
Cortisol mediates cleaner wrasse switch from cooperation to cheating
and tactical deception.
Hormones and Behavior 66, 346-350.

Tournier E, Tournier V, van de Waal E, Barrett A, Brown L & Bshary R 2014
Differences in diet between six neighbouring groups of vervet monkeys.
Ethology 120, 471-482.

Vail AL, Manica A & Bshary R 2014
Fish choose appropriately when and with whom to collaborate.
Current Biology 24, R791-R793.

Van de Waal E, Bshary R & Whiten A 2014
Wild vervet monkey infants acquire food processing techniques from their mother
rather than from other group members.
Animal Behaviour 90, 41-45.

Wismer S, Pinto AI, Vail AL, Grutter AS & Bshary R 2014
Variation in cleaner wrasse cooperation and cognition:
potentially caused by developmental environment?
Ethology 120, 1-13.


Borgeaud C, van de Waal E & Bshary R (2013)
Third-party ranks knowledge in wild vervet monkeys
(Chlorocebus aethiops pygerythrus).
PLoS One 8, e58562.

Bshary R & Raihani NJ (2013)
‘Fair’ outcomes without morality in cleaner wrasse mutualism.
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36, 83-84.

Di Lascio F, Nyffeler F, Bshary R & Bugnyar T (2013)
Ravens (Corvus corax) are indifferent to the gains of conspecific recipients
or human partners in experimental tasks.
Animal Cognition 16, 35-43.

Gingins S, Werminghausen J, Johnstone RA, Grutter AS & Bshary R (2013)
Power and temptation cause shifts between exploitation and cooperation in a
cleaner wrasse mutualism.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 280(1761):20130553.
doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.0553

Renevey N, Bshary R & van de Waal E (2013)
Philopatric vervet monkey females are the focus of social attention rather
independently of rank.
Behaviour 150, 599-615

Vail A, Manica A & Bshary R (2013)
Fish (Serranidae: Plectropomus spp.) gesture referentially to collaborative
hunting partners.
Nature Communications 4 , 1765 | DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2781


Brandenburg A, Kuhlemeier C & Bshary R (2012)
Hawkmoth pollinators decrease seed set of a low nectar Petunia axillaris line
through reduced probing time .
Current Biology 22,1635-1639.

Brandenburg A, Kuhlemeier C & Bshary R (2012)
Innate discrimination between rewarding and non-rewarding Petunia.
Ethology 118, 654-661.

Bshary A & Bshary R (2012)
Individual Differences in Foraging Strategies of Parasitic Sabre-Tooth Blennies.
PLoS One 7, e45998.

Cisarovsky G, Bshary A, Bouzelboudjen M & Bshary R (2012)
Spatial group structure as potential mechanism to maintain cooperation in fish
shoals of unrelated individuals.
Ethology 118, 850-857.

Oates J, Manica A, Bshary R & Grutter AS (2012)
Relationship between roving behaviour and the diet and client composition of the
cleaner fish Labroides bicolor.
Journal of Fish Biology 81, 210-219.

Raihani NJ & Bshary R (2012)
A positive effect of flowers rather than of eye images in a large-scale,
cross-cultural Dictator Game.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 279, 3556-3564.

Raihani NJ, McAuliffe K, Brosnan SF & Bshary R. (2012)
Are cleaner fish (Labroides dimidiatus) inequity averse?
Animal Behaviour 84, 665-674.

Raihani NJ, Thornton A & Bshary R (2012)
Punishment and cooperation in nature.
Trends in Ecology & Evolution 27, 288-295.

Raihani NJ, Grutter AS & Bshary R (2012)
Female cleaner fish cooperate more with unfamiliar males.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 279, 2479-2486.

Raihani NJ, Pinto AI, Grutter AS, Wismer S & Bshary R (2012)
Male cleaner wrasses adjust punishment of female partners according
to the stakes.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 279, 365-370.

Ros AFH, Vullioud P & Bshary R (2012)
Treatment with the glucocorticoid antagonist RU486 reduces cooperative
cleaning visits of a common reef fish, the lined bristletooth.
Hormones and Behavior 61, 37-43.

Salwiczek LH, Prétôt L, Demarta L, et al. Bshary R (2012)
Adult cleaner wrasse outperform capuchin monkeys, chimpanzees and
orang-utans in a complex foraging task derived from cleaner – client reef
fish cooperation.
PLoS One 7: e49068.

Soares MC, Bshary R, Mendoca R, Grutter AS & Oliveira RF (2012)
Arginine vasotocin regulation of interspecific cooperative behavior in a
cleaner fish.
PLoS One 7, e39583.

Soares MC, Bshary R, Cardoso SC, Côté IM & Oliveira RF (2012)
Face your fears: cleaning gobies inspect predators despite being
stressed by them.
PLoS One 7, e39781.

van de Waal E, Krützen M, Hula J, Goudet J & Bshary R (2012)
Similarity in food cleaning techniques within matrilines in wild vervet
PLoS One 7, e35694.




Abbott P, Abe J, Alcock J, … Bshary R, et al (2011)
Inclusive fitness theory and eusociality.
Nature 471, Pages: E1–E4

Barbu L, Guinand C, Alvarez N, Bergmüller R & Bshary R (2011)
Cleaning wrasse species vary with respect to dependency on the mutualism
and behavioural adaptations in interactions.
Animal Behaviour 82, 1067-1074.

Brandenburg A & Bshary R (2011)
Variable responses of hawkmoths to nectar-depleted plants in two native
Petunia axillaris
(Solanaceae) populations.
Arthropod-Plant Interactions 5, 141–148.

Bshary R, Oliveria RF & Grutter AS (2011)
Short term variation in the level of cooperation in the cleaner wrasse
Labroides dimidiatus: implications for the role of potential stressors.
Ethology 117, 246-253.

Bshary R & Bronstein JS (2011)
A general scheme to predict partner control mechanisms in pairwise
cooperative interactions between unrelated individuals.
Ethology 117, 271-283.

Pinto AI, Oates J, Grutter AS & Bshary R (2011)
Cleaner wrasses Labroides dimidiatus are more cooperative in the presence
of an audience.
Current Biology 21, 1149-1144

Raihani NJ & Bshary R (2011)
The evolution of punishment in n-player games: a volunteer’s dilemma.
Evolution 65, 2725 – 2728.

Raihani NJ & Bshary R (2011)
Resolving the iterated prisoner’s dilemma: theory and reality.
Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24, 1628 – 1639.

Ros AFH, Lusa J, Meyer M, Soares, MS, Oliveira RF, Brossard M & Bshary R (2011)
Does access to the bluestreak cleaner wrasse Labroides dimidiatus affect indicators of
stress and health in resident reef fishes in the Red Sea?
Hormones and Behavior 59, 151-158.

Salwiczek LH & Bshary R (2011)
Cleaner wrasses keep track of the ‘when‘ and ‘what’ in a foraging task.
Ethology 117, 939-948.

Soares MS, Oliveira RF, Ros AFH, Grutter AS & Bshary R (2011)
Tactile stimulation lowers stress in fish.
Nature Communications 2, 534. doi: 10.1038/ncomms1547.

Strübin C, Steinegger M & Bshary R (2011)
Cooperative hunting in yellow goatfish.
Ethology 117, 961-969.

van de Waal E & Bshary R (2011)
Social-learning abilities of wild vervet monkeys in a two-step task
artificial fruit experiment.
Animal Behaviour 81, 433-438.

van de Waal E & Bshary R (2011)
Contact with human facilities appears to enhance technical skills
in wild vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops).
Folia Primatologica 81, 282-291.

Yeaman S, Bshary R & Lehmann L (2011)
The effect of innovation and sex-specific migration on neutral cultural
Animal Behaviour 82, 101-112.



Brosnan SF, Salwiczek L & Bshary R (2010)
The interplay of cognition and cooperation.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 365, 2699-2710.

Chappuis L & Bshary R (2010)
Signaling by the cleaner shrimp Periclimenes longicarpus.
Animal Behaviour 79, 645-647.

Oates J, Manica A & Bshary R (2010)
The Shadow of the Future affects cooperation in cleaner fish.
Current Biology 20, R472-R473.

Oates J, Manica A & Bshary R (2010)
Roving decreases service quality in the cleaner wrasse Labroides bicolor.
Ethology 116, 309-315.

Bshary A & Bshary R (2010)
Interactions between Sabre-Tooth Blennies and their reef fish victims:
effects of repeated game structure and local abundance on victim aggression.
Ethology pdf

Danisman E, Bshary R & Bergmüller R (2010)
Do cleaner fish learn to feed against their preference in a reverse reward
contingency task?
Animal Cognition 13, 41-49. pdf

Raihani NJ, Grutter AS & Bshary R (2010)
Punishers benefit from third-party punishment in fish .
Science 327, 171.



Brandenburg A , Dell'Olivo A , Bshary R & Kuhlemeier C (2009)
The sweetest thing: advances in nectar research.
Current Opinion in Plant Biology 12, 486-490.

Chappuis L & Bshary R (2009)
Strategic adjustment of service quality to client identity in the cleaner shrimp,
Periclimenes longicarpus.
Animal Behaviour 78, 455-459

Soares MC, Bshary R & Côté IM (2009)
Cleaning in pairs enhances honesty in male cleaning gobies.
Behavioral Ecology 20, 1343-1347.


Bshary R, Grutter AS, Willener AST & Leimar O (2008)
Pairs of cooperating cleaner fish provide better service quality than singletons.
Nature 455, 964-967.

Bshary, R. & Bergmüller R . (2008)
Distinguishing four fundamental approaches to the evolution of helping .
J. Evol. Biol. 21: 405-420.

Cheney KL, Bshary R & Grutter AS (2008)
Cleaner fish cause predators to reduce aggression towards bystanders
at cleaning stations.
Behavioral Ecology 19, 1063-1067.

Johnstone RA & Bshary R (2008)
Mutualism, market effects and partner control.
Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21, 879-888.

Krone R, Bshary R, Paster M, Eisinger M, von Treck P & Schuhmacher H (2008)
The "Fish Toilet" The extraordinary behaviour of Ctenochaetus striatus (Acanthuridae).
Coral Reefs 27, 619-622.

Soares MC, Bshary R & Côté IM (2008)
Does cleanerfish service quality depend on client value or choice options?
Animal Behaviour 76, 123-130.

Soares MC, Bshary R, Cardoso SC & Côté IM (2008)
Does Competition for Clients Increase Service Quality in Cleaning Gobies?
Ethology 114, 625-632.

Soares MC, Bshary R, Cardoso SC & Côté IM (2008)
The meaning of jolts by fish clients of cleaning gobies.
Ethology 114, 209-214.

Soares MC, Côté IM, Cardoso SC & Bshary R (2008)
On the absence of punishment, partner switching and tactile stimulation
in the cleaning goby - client mutualism.
Journal of Zoology 276, 306-312.


Bshary R, Oliveira RF, Oliveira T & Canario AVM (2007)
Do cleaning organisms reduce the stress response of client reef fish?
Frontiers in Zoology 4, 21.

Johnstone RA & Bshary R (2007)
Indirect reciprocity in asymmetric interactions - when apparent altruism
facilitates exploitation.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 274, 3175-3181.

Bergmüller R, Johnstone RA, Russell AF & Bshary R (2007)
Integrating cooperative breeding and cooperation theory.
Behavioural Processes 76, 61-72

Bergmüller R, Russell AF, Johnstone RA & Bshary R (2007)
On the further integration of cooperative breeding and cooperation theory.
Behavioural Processes 76, 170-181


Bshary R & Grutter AS (2006)
Image scoring causes cooperation in a cleaning mutualism.
Nature 441, 975-978.

Bshary R, Hohner A, Ait-El-Djoudi K & Fricke H (2006)
Interspecific Communicative and Coordinated Hunting between Groupers
and Giant Moray Eels in the Red Sea.
PLoS Biology 4, e431 .


Bshary R & Grutter AS (2005)
Experimental evidence that partner switching and punishment promote
cooperative behaviour in cleaning mutualism.
Biology Letters 1, 396-399 .

Grutter AS, Glover S & Bshary R (2005)
Does client size affect cleaner fish choice of client? An empirical test
using client fish models.
Journal of Fish Biology 66, 1748-1752.


Bshary R & Bronstein JL (2004)
Game structures in mutualisms: what can the evidence tell us about
the kind of models we need?
Advances in the Study of Behaviour 34, 59-101.

Grutter AS & Bshary R (2004)
Cleaner fish Labroides dimidiatus diet preferences for different types of
and parasitic gnathiid isopods.
Animal Behaviour 68, 583-588.

Johnstone RA & Bshary R (2004)
The evolution of spiteful behaviour.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 271, 1917-1922.

Tebbich S & Bshary R (2004)
Finch physics: cognitive abilities related to tool-use in the woodpecker finch
Cactospiza pallida.
Animal Behaviour 67, 689-697.


Bshary R (2003)
The cleaner wrasse, Labroides dimidiatus, is a key organism for reef fish
diversity at Ras Mohammed National Park, Egypt.
Journal of Animal Ecology 72, 169-176.

Grutter AS & Bshary R (2003)
Cleaner wrasses prefer client mucus: support for partner control mechanisms
in cleaning interactions.
Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B (Biology Letters) 270 , 242-244.


Bshary R (2002)
Biting cleaner fish use altruism to deceive image scoring reef fish.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 269, 2087-2093.

Bshary R (2002)
Building up relationships in asymmetric co-operation games between the
cleaner wrasse Labroides dimidiatus and client cleaner fish.
Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology 52, 365-371.

Bshary R & Grutter AS (2002a)
Experimental evidence that partner choice is a driving force in the payoff
distribution among cooperators or mutualists: the cleaner fish case.
Ecology Letters 5, 130-136.

Bshary R & Grutter AS (2002b)
Asymmetric cheating opportunities and partner control in a cleaner
fish mutualism.
Animal Behaviour 63, 547-555.

Bshary R & Grutter AS (2002c)
Parasite distribution on client reef fish determines cleaner fish
foraging patterns.
Marine Ecology Progress Series 325, 217-222.

Bshary R & Schäffer D (2002)
Choosy reef fish select cleaner fish that provide high service quality.
Animal Behaviour 63, 557-564.

Bshary R, Wickler W & Fricke H (2002)
Fish cognition: a primate's eye view.
Animal Cognition 5, 1-13.

Johnstone RA & Bshary R (2002)
From parasitism to mutualism: partner control in asymmetric interactions.
Ecology Letters 5, 634-639.

McGraw WS & Bshary R (2002)
Association of terrestrial mangabeys (Cercocebus atys) with arboreal
monkeys: experimental evidence for the effects of reduced ground predator
pressure on habitat use.
International Journal of Primatology 23, 311-325.

Tebbich S, Bshary R & Grutter AS (2002) Cleaner fish Labroides dimidiatus
recognise familiar clients.
Animal Cognition 5, 139-145.


Bshary R (2001) Diana monkeys, Cercopithecus diana, adjust their
anti-predator response behaviour to human hunting strategies.
Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology 50, 251-256.

Bshary R (2001)
The cleaner fish market.
In: "Economics in Nature" (Noë R, Van Hooff JARAM & Hammerstein P, eds),
pp146-172. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bshary R & Würth M (2001)
Cleaner fish Labroides dimidiatus manipulate client reef fish by providing
tactile stimulation.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 268, 1495-1501.


Zuberbühler K, Jenny D & Bshary R (1999)
The predator deterrence function of primate alarm calls.
Ethology 105, 477-490.


Bshary R & Noë R (1997a)
Anti-predation behaviour of red colobus monkeys in the presence of chimpanzees.
Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology 41, 321-333.

Bshary R & Noë R (1997b)
Red colobus and diana monkeys provide mutual protection against predators.
Animal Behaviour 54, 1461-1474.

Noë, R., Bshary, R. (1997)
The formation of red colobus-Diana monkey associations under predation
pressure from chimpanzees.
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 264, 253-259.


Bshary, R. Lamprecht, J. (1994)
Reduction of aggression among domestic hens (Gallus domesticus) in the
presence of a dominant third party.
Behaviour 128, 311-324.



Bshary R (2010)
Cooperation between unrelated individuals - a game theoretic approach.
In: Animal Behaviour: Evolution & Mechanisms (Kappeler P ed).

Bshary R & Côté IM (2008)
New perspectives on marine cleaning mutualism.
In: Fish behaviour (Magnhagen C, Braithwaite VA, Forsgren E & Kapoor BG, eds),
pp. 563-592. Science Publishers, Enfield.

Bshary R (2007)
Interactions between red colobus monkeys and chimpanzees.
In: Monkeys of the Taï Forest: an African primate community
(McGraw WS, Zuberbühler K & Noë R, eds).

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp 155-170.

Bshary R, Salwiczek L & Wickler W (2007)
Social cognition in non primates.
In: Evolutionary Psychology (Dunbar RIM & Barrett LS, eds),
Oxford University Press, pp 83-101.

Bshary R (2006)
Machiavellian intelligence in fishes.
In: Learning and Cognition in Fishes (Brown C, Laland KN &Krause J, eds),
Oxford: Blackwell, pp 223-242.  

Bshary R (2005)
Honest signaling.

In: Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics,
2nd Edition. Elsevier.

Bshary R & D'Souza A (2005)
Cooperation in communication networks: indirect reciprocity in interactions
between cleaner fish and client reef fish.

In: Communication networks
(McGregor P, ed), pp 521-539.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Bergstrom CT, Bronstein JL, Bshary R, Connor RC, Daly M, Frank SA, Gintis H,
Keller L,
Leimar O, Nöe R, Queller DC (2003)
Interspecific mutualism: puzzles and predictions.
In: " Genetic and cultural evolution of cooperation "
(Hammerstein P, ed), pp 241-256. MIT Press,

Cambridge: Dahlem Workshop report

Bshary R & Noë R (2003)
Biological markets: the ubiquitous influence of partner choice on the dynamics
of cleaner fish-
client reef fish interactions.
In: " Genetic and cultural evolution of cooperation "
(Hammerstein P, ed), pp 167-184. MIT Press,

Cambridge: Dahlem Workshop report  

Noë R & Bshary R (2001)
Interspecific associations in an African forest.
In: " The new encyclopedia of mammals "
(MacDonald D, ed), pp 394-395.

Oxford: Oxford University Press  

Oliveira RF, Canario AVM & Bshary R (1999)
Hormones, behaviour and conservation of littoral fishes: current status and
prospects for future research.

In: Behaviour and conservation of littoral fishes
(Almada VC, RF Oliveira RF & EJ Gonçalves EJ, eds),
pp 149-178.
Lisboa: Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada

Bshary R
decision making: solving the battle of the fishes.
Current Biology 20, R70-71.

Bshary R (2008)
Tapping out a message.
Nature 456, 37-38.  

Bshary R (2003)
Ecology out of the blue.
Nature 421, 317.