Fermer
sfm_banner.jpg

Swiss Subsaharan Africa Migration Network

s-sam-logo-small.png

The objective of the Swiss Subsaharan Africa Migration (S-SAM) network is to build and strengthen long-term partnerships between migration researchers in Subsaharan Africa and Switzerland.

The inaugural call was launched in mid 2018, the second call followed in early 2019 (closed 15 April 2019), and a third call in mid 2019 (closed 15 September 2019). Within the large field of human migration, we focus on aspects of migration to Europe before migrants reach their destination. This includes the following topics:

- Reasons and motivations to migrate. Here we seek novel research on the role of limited and contradictory information in decisions to migrate, on aspirations and abilities to migrate, on the nature of different ‘pull’ effects and the choice of destination country, or on the role of information in decisions to migrate. Research may focus on questions of preparations, anticipation of problems ‘en route’ and in the country of destination (e.g. discrimination), or on similarities and differences between South-South and South-North migration.

- Student migration. Here we seek novel research on student migration from Subsaharan Africa to Switzerland and Europe, as a specific motivation to migrate.

- Migration and health. Here we seek novel research on the situation ‘en route’ to Europe, how health affects decisions to migrate (or stay put), how the migration experience itself affects the mental and physical health of migrants, or the migration trajectories of health workers.

Methodologically and regarding academic discipline, S-SAM is open, but innovative and experimental research is encouraged, as is a focus on social mechanisms.

S-SAM Workshop 2019 in Neuchâtel

We will have a joint workshop at the University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland on 7 and 8 November 2019. The programme is here. If you are not a S-SAM grantee, you are welcome to assist the presentations and the writing workshop (attendance is free): please register by e-mail (didier.ruedin@unine.ch) so that we have enough coffee and sandwiches ready.

Send queries regarding the workshop to: didier.ruedin@unine.ch

Graduate Conference 2019 in Neuchâtel

The S-SAM co-sponsored the Neuchâtel Migration and Mobilities Graduate Conference 2019.

Third Call Now Closed

A third call is now closed.

Current and Past Projects

  • Henrietta Mambo Nyamnjoh -- Negotiating Bushfalling

    Pilgrims’ Progress: Negotiating bushfalling among Anglophone Cameroonian youth    

    Objective: Using the notion of bushfalling (migration as 'hunting' and bringing trophies to the families back home), this project explores the reasons and motivations of Cameroonian youth bushfalling. What new forms of push factors propel and sustain the notion of bushfalling? Methods: Qualitative ethnographic research methods in a multi-sited approach: in-depth interviews, life histories and non-participant observation of would-be migrants. Use of short films to get informants to tell their stories about motivations to migrate. Expected results: Identify the different pull factors that informs prospective migrants' destination, the role of migration syndicates in determining the destination, and the role Social Media regarding migration.

    Nyamnjoh

    Henrietta Mambo Nyamnjoh
    University of Cape Town
    Pilot (6 months)

     

  • Simon Barussaud & Franck Dago -- Student Mobility

    Social network and student mobility from Côte d’Ivoire to France and Switzerland

    Objective: The objective of this study is to analyse the influence of social networks on Ivorian student mobility to Europe. We examine the influence of the social network on the decision making and the role of the network in the selection of the host countries. Methods: We conduct qualitative interviews with different student migrants at various stages of their migratory project. To capture the role of the social network in the migratory project, we also interview members their family and friend. Expected results: We will provide a better understanding on the different ways the Ivoirian students use their network to realize their project to study abroad. We will identify the main obstacles encountered and the individual and collective strategy adopted by the student to overcome them.  

    Barussaud

    Simon Barussaud
    University of Geneva
    Exchange (3 months)

    Dago

    Franck Dago
    University Félix Houphouet-Boigny
    Pilot (3 months)

     

  • Amanda Bisong -- Non-state Actors

    Understanding the role of Non- state Actors in West African Migration as tools for information dissemination and inclusive policy making

    Objective: In many European countries, governments have established structures for involving non-state actors in the migration policy dialogue (e.g., http://www.mdplatform.ch). This project maps the current interactions between State and non-state actors in migration policy making and implementation in West Africa (where their interaction with state actors is sketchy, ad-hoc and need based), with an emphasis on the role of non-state actors in information dissemination (especially towards potential migrants and returnees) and inclusion in the migration policy dialogue. Methods: Semi-structured interviews with identified state and non-state actors and focus groups (where possible). Interviews will be carried out in Europe and selected West African States. An online survey will be designed for stakeholders that cannot be interviewed. Expected results: Understanding what role non-state actors can play in information dissemination in the society at large, and with that contribute to changing the negative perception of state actors in West Africa on non-state actors, resulting in more inclusive migration governance in the region.

    Bisong

    Amanda Bisong
    University of Nigeria
    Exchange (2 months)

  • Henrietta Mambo Nyamnjoh -- Bushfalling through the Prism of Further Education

    Ambitions of Bushfalling through the Prism of Further Education: Ethnographic Insights from Conversations with Students in Cameroonian Universities.

    Objective: Investigate how much parents are willing to pay or indebt themselves to pay migration agents – “lines” or “connections” – to facilitate the process of their children’s bushfalling to secure admission into universities in Europe. To what extent is education a springboard to migration? Are aspiring migrants simply willing and ready to go anywhere for the sake of migrating, or do they choose and maintain a well-considered path? Methods: Qualitative research methods, multi-sited research. Expected results: The project will provide an understanding of the workings between migration agents and prospective migrant that has potentially changed the course of migration from bush road to normal road. This exploratory research will unpack how migrants who choose to work without the assistance of a migration agent engage the process.

    Nyamnjoh

    Henrietta Mambo Nyamnjoh
    University of Cape Town
    Pilot (5 months)

  • Matthieu Bolay -- Artisanal Miners

    Disentangling the Mobilities of West-African Men on the Move: “Artisanal Miners” and “Migrants to Europe” in Bamako and Niamey

    Objective: Describe two intertwined mobility dynamics that are often approached by two different strands of research and conceptual frameworks though, in practice, they often mix and overlap in the trajectories of African men on the move: mobile artisanal gold mining and migration to Europe. Methods: Use of problem-centred interviews on the im-mobility trajectory of artisanal gold miners and/or prospective migrants to Europe and/or “returnees” from Europe (and its external borders’ countries). Expected results: Insights on the decision to move to Europe and how it is often made “en route” during pre-migration phases of mobility. Understanding how artisanal mining can be a means to finance further mobility to Europe.

    Matthieu Bolay
    Graduate Institute Geneva
    Pilot (6 months)

  • Justice Richard Kwabena Owusu Kyei -- Ghanaian Students

    Prospective and Returned Ghanaian Migrant Students in the Euro-Afro Migration Experience

    Objective: Investigate to what extent student migration is not really for the acquisition of knowledge but stepping stone towards permanent residency in countries with higher standard of living. Methods:  The qualitative research will be carried out purposively in the five main public universities in Ghana. Expected results: Contribute to the understanding of student migration from Sub Saharan Africa to Europe. Reveal the diversified life projects in terms of motivations and aspirations of prospective and returned Ghanaian student migrants to Europe, including transnational experiences.

    Owusu Key

    Justice Richard Kwabena Owusu Kyei
    Kwame Nkrumah University, Ghana
    Pilot (3 months)

  • Lawan Cheri -- Country Choice

    Assessing Choice of Destination and Challenges of South-South Migration among Forced Migrants in Northeastern Nigeria.

    Objective: Assess factors that determine choice of destination among forced migrants in northeastern Nigeria, and examine the challenges faced by migrants on transit. Methods:  Qualitative research methods, in-depth interviews with migrants and migration officials in Nigeria and neighboring Niger republic. Expected results: Reveal the factors that determine migrants' choice of destination especially considering the fact that most Boko Haram induced migrants do not migrate to the global North but stays in Africa. Present the challenges faced by migrants en-route their destinations of choice.

    Cheri

    Lawan Cheri
    University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
    Pilot (6 months)

  • Chioma Joyce Onukogu -- Aspirations Second Generation

    Migration Aspirations of the Second-Generation Immigrants in South Africa

    Objective: Find out why second-generation immigrants in South Africa want to leave the country to more developed countries of Europe and America. Find out the reason for not choosing to return to their 'home' countries instead. Methods: In-depth interviews with second-generation immigrants of different nationalities, age range between 10 and 18 years (with consent by parents and children). Thematic data analysis. Expected results: Research will reveal the migration aspirations of second-generation immigrants. Reasons for their preference for certain countries will be unveiled. It will also unfold the relationship between the decision to migrate and the host’s social, economic, educational and political environments the migrants find themselves.

    Onukogu

    Chioma Joyce Onukogu
    University of the Witwatersand
    Exchange (5 months)

  • Christopher Changwe Nshimbi -- Border Perceptions

    What You See Is What You Get: Perceptions of European Borders and the Drive to Migrate

    Objective: Investigate the perceptions of (prospective) African migrants of the permeability of European borders and how this contributes to the decision to migrate. Methods: Semi-structured interviews with key informants will be held, based on the snowball sampling method. Interviews will be conducted in selected countries of the Horn of Africa. Expected results: Understanding of the role of people's perceptions and attitudes of European borders play in decisions to migrate. Clearer understanding why irregular migration towards Europe seems unmanageable.

    Nshimbi

    Christopher Changwe Nshimbi
    University of Pretoria
    Pilot (6 months)

  • Anouk Jasmine Albien -- Students' Ambitions

    Migrant Aspirations of Stellenbosch University Students

    Objective: Assess whether there are differences in work and career orientations that are associated with mobility aspirations and motivations. Methods: Survey with undergraduate and postgraduate students at Stellenbosch University. Focus groups. Expected results: New insights on drivers of student mobility and barriers that limit student mobility cover diverse dimensions such as family, financial, psychological as well as social. Actual mobility only reaches a minority of higher education students despite sponsored mobility programs.

    ssam-stellen.png

    Anouk Jasmine Albien
    University of Bern
    Exchange (7 months)

  • Mary Setrana -- Uncertainty, Information, and Decisions

    'Uncertainties', 'exceptions'  and 'information links' of youth migration within and from ECOWAS region to Europe

    Objective: Examine the information link between potential migrants and diaspora; assess the extent to which information flows can be moderated by agencies at the local level. Investigate how potential migrants receive new information and the extent to which such information affect migration outcomes. Methods: Mixed-methods design with qualitative interviews and focus group discussions and a quantitative survey of potential and migrant youth in Ghana. Expected results: Agencies at the local level moderate information flows and therefore influence migration decisions.

    ssam-uncertainty.png

    Mary Setrana
    University of Ghana
    Pilot (3 months)

  • Kadoukpè Gildas Magbonde -- Decide Preferred Destination of Students

    Understanding the key driving forces of the intention to migrate to a preferred destination of students from Sub-Saharan African Countries : A case study of Benin

    Objective: Unveil the drivers of the revealed intention to migrate of Beninese students to a preferred destination instead of others. Methods: We consider three preferred destinations: in region, western countries (Europe and North-America) and China, using a survey among university students and multinomial models. Expected results: A better understanding of the probability that a potential student migrate to Western countries instead of regional countries, to China instead of regional countries and to western countries instead of China.

    ssam-decide.png

    Kadoukpè Gildas Magbonde
    University of Gaston Berger
    Pilot (5 months)

  • Precious Oghale Diagboya -- Trust and Misinformation in Decisions to Migrate

    The role of trust and misinformation in decisions to migrate to Europe

    Objective: Analyze the role of information provided by travel agencies, smugglers, friends and family members perceived to have travel knowledge in the decision to migrate to Europe. Methods: Qualitative interviews with youths who are would-be migrants and returnees from Europe in order to know who they trust could give reliable information about migration to Europe. Key informant interviews with travel agents, smugglers, friends and family members with travel knowledge on (mis)information and how this affects the choice of destination and proposed occupation of would-be migrants. Expected results: A better understanding of how information and trust in intermediaries shapes the decision to migrate, especially that ignorance and blind trust may interact.

    ssam-trust.png

    Precious Oghale Diagboya
    University of Ibadan
    Pilot (6 months)

  • Elizabeth Nana Mbrah Koomson -- Sources and Access to Informed Destinations

    Improving Sources and Access to Informed Decisions: Ghanaian Youth Migration to Europe through North Africa

    Objective: Investigate how sources and access to information affect decisions of Ghanaian youth to migrate to destinations in Europe through North Africa. Methods: Qualitative methods of interviewing, narratives, personal stories, and observations to gather data for thematic analysis of Ghanaian youth migration to Europe en route North Africa. Expected results: A better understanding on access to information by interviewing potential migrants, returnees, and deportees.

    ssam-sources.png

    Elizabeth Nana Mbrah Koomson
    Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
    Pilot (3 months)

  • Amanda Bisong -- Regional Migration Policies and Migration Aspirations

    Making or breaking migrants: the role of regional migration policies in migration decision making and aspirations

    Objective: Understand how regional migration policies contribute to shaping migration aspirations and how these influence the decisions made by (potential) migrants in determining their migration trajectory. Methods: A pilot study in Gambia and Cape Verde on migration aspirations and migration decision making. Focus group discussions, semi-structured interviews with identified groups of young persons in Gambia and Cape Verde. Expected Results: Better understandin how the migrant (micro-level) and the state (macro-level) interact to shape migration decisions and aspirations.

    ssam-nonstate.jpg

    Amanda Bisong
    University of Nigeria
    Pilot (6 months)

  • Chioma Joyce Onukogu -- Aspirations to Migrate and Family Resources

    Aspirations and Capabilities to Migrate: The Role of Family Resources in Achieving Second- Generation Immigrants' Migration Aspirations in Johannesburg.

    Objective: Find out the factors that influence parents’ decision to support or not to support their child’s migration goals. Methods: Qualitative study, interviewing families in Johannesburg. Expected results: Better understanding how demographics, migration history and experience shape parents’ attitude to children’s migration aspiration.

    ssam-aspirations.jpg

    Chioma Joyce Onukogu
    University of the Witwatersrand
    Pilot (6 months)

  • Justice Richard Kwabena Owusu Kyei -- Return Intentions of Ghanaian Students in Europe

    Fulfilling or Shattering Dreams of Ghanaian Student Migrants in the Netherlands

    Objective: Investigate the motivation for Ghanaian students to stay behind in Europe even after completing their academic formation. Methods: Semi structured in depth interviews to collect data from both the enrolled students and ‘stayed behind’ student migrants. Expected results: A better understanding of return intentions and decisions of international students.

    ssam-ghanian.jpg

    Justice Richard Kwabena Owusu Kyei
    Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
    Pilot (3 months)

The Network

s-sam_map.png

Mailing List

To sign up to the S-SAM mailinglist be notified about further calls and other announcements, or if you want to know more about S-SAM, please send an e-mail didier.ruedin@unine.ch.

S-SAM is funded by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI) through Leading House for sub-Saharan Africa at the Swiss TPH.

Last modified: 25 October 2019